Virtual Museum of Political Art

New Constructivism - Philosophy, Literature, Economics


The paintings at this site display famous philosophers. Most of the portraits are created to illustrate philosophical works in the internet and in books. The ornaments, which shape the faces, contain allusions to the work of the philosophers (e.g. the "Fourfold Root of the Principle of Sufficient Reason" and the porcupines in Schopenhauer's portrait, the "dancing star" in Nietzsche's face, the white swans and the one black swan in Popper's portrait and so on.)

Most of the pictures are also published in Patrick Horvath: "Große Denker", Selva-edition, Amstetten-Linz 2003, ISBN.3-9010-4045-5.



Werner Horvath: "Friedrich Nietzsche - the Three Metamorphoses". Oil on canvas, 50 x 40 cm, Crete 2005.

"Of the three metamorphoses of the spirit I tell you: how the spirit becomes a camel; and the camel, a lion; and the lion, finally, a child."

This painting was the official image for the programme and the poster of the international congress "Nietzsche y la hermeneutica", held at the University of Valencia from Nov.5th to Nov.7th, 2007. It is also placed at the cover of the book "Nietzsche y la hermeneutica" by Francisco Arenas-Dolz, Luca Giancristofaro and Paolo Stellino (ISBN13: 978-84-7642-744-8). The painting was also published in the magazine "Educação" (http://revistaeducacao.uol.com.br/ ), ISSN 1415-5486, special edition on Friedrich Nietzsche, published by Editora Segmento, in São Paulo, Brazil, 2007. 
This picture  is also piblished in "The Hedgehog Review - Critical Reflections on Contemporary Culture" Volume 17, Number 3, Institute for Advanced Studies in Culture, University of Virginia, in an article by Matthew Scherer: "Nietzshe's Smile". ISSN 1527-867X, Charlottesville 2015.


Werner Horvath: "Friedrich Nietzsche and Arthur Schopenhauer". Oil on canvas, 40 x 60 cm, Crete 2000.

This painting was also published in the magazines:
"DIE IDEE", number I, Würzburg, April 2007 and "Educação" (http://revistaeducacao.uol.com.br/ ), ISSN 1415-5486, special edition on Friedrich Nietzsche, published by Editora Segmento, in São Paulo, Brazil, 2007. 


Werner Horvath: "Friedrich Nietzsche: God is dead!". Oil and acrylic on canvas, 50 x 70 cm, Crete 2013.
This picture  is also piblished in "The Hedgehog Review - Critical Reflections on Contemporary Culture" Volume 17, Number 3, Institute for Advanced Studies in Culture, University of Virginia, in an article by Matthew Scherer: "Nietzshe's Smile". ISSN 1527-867X, Charlottesville 2015.


Werner Horvath: "War is a Chameleon". Mixed media on canvas, 50 x 70 cm, 2011.

This painting illustrates a quotation by Carl von Clausewitz: “War is thus more than a true chameleon, because it changes its nature to some extent in each concrete case. It is also, however, when it is regarded as a whole and in relation to the tendencies that dominate within it, a fascinating trinity composed of primordial violence, hatred, and enmity, which are to be regarded as a blind natural force; the play of chance and probability, within which the creative spirit is free to roam; and its element of subordination, as an instrument of policy, which makes it subject to pure reason.” (Carl von Clausewitz: "Vom Krieg")


Werner Horvath: "Sir Charles Popper: Plato's Fall and the Falsification". Oil on canvas, 50 x 40 cm, 2000/01.

This picture is the cover-illustration of the book by Patrick Horvath: "Große Denker", Selva-edition, Amstetten-Linz 2003, ISBN.3-9010-4045-5. It is also published in "Philosophie 1 - Raison, verite, connaissance" by Michel Larocque and Vincent Rowell, Beauchemin, Cheneliere Education, Montreal - Quebec, Canada, ISBN 978-2-7616-4619-2.


Werner Horvath: "Sir Charles Popper: Three Worlds". Oil on canvas, 50 x 40 cm, 2001.


Werner Horvath: "Niccolo Machiavelli - The Prince". Oil on canvas, 50 x 40 cm, 2002.

This painting is the cover-image of the book "Niccolo Machiavelli - Der Fürst", RaBaKa-Publishing, ISBN: 978-3-940185-05-1, 2007.
It is also included in "Worldviews: Contact and Change" by A.Fitton, D.M.Goodman and E. O'Connor, a Grade 8 social studies textbook published by Pearson Education, Toronto, Canada, ISBN 978-0-13-198719-7, 2007.

It is also published in "politik & kommunikation", a political magazine by Helios Media, illustrating the article "Sei Löwe, sei Fuchs!" by Marco Althaus
(Berlin, September 2008).


            A look at Greek philosophy by Werner Horvath. Beginning from left: "Kouros", 160 x 60 cm, 2012. "Thales of Miletus", 60 x 80 cm, 2012. "Pythagoras of Samos", 80 x 100 cm, 2012. "Heraclitus of Ephesus", 80 x 100 cm, 2012. "Empedocles and the Foir Elements", 100 x 70 cm, 2016. "Parmenides of Elea", 50 x 75 cm, 2012. "Zeno of Elea", 60 x 80 cm, 2012. "Democritus", 80 x 100 cm, 2012."Socrates", oil on canvas, 50 x 40 cm, 2002 . "Archimedes of Syracuse", 60 x 80 cm, 2012.

A kouros  is the modern term given to those representations of male youths which first appear in the Archaic period in Greece. Kouroi are beardless, take a formulaic advancing posture, and are most often nude. At the same time when kouros-statues were created, pre-Socratic philosophy appeared in ancient Greece. Therefore in the painting you find a deawing in the sand, illustrating a theory of Thales of Miletus, one of the main representatives of this school. In the portrait od Thales of Miletus you find another theory of the pre-Socratic philosopher and mathematician included. The portrait of Zeno of Elea displays also his paradoxes like "The Race of Achill against the Turtle" and his "Arguments against Motion". 

The portrait of Socrates was also published in "Die Zukunft Europas" by BSA Austria and the Maria Jahoda - Otto Bauer Institut, printed by Gutenberg, Linz 2014.


Werner Horvath: "Marc Aurel - Triumph and Death". Oil on canvas, 60 x 50 cm, 2008.


Werner Horvath: "Thomas Hobbes - Leviathan". Oil on canvas, 50 x 40 cm, 2001.

Emanuel Adler, the Andrea and Charles Bronfman Professor of Israeli Studies at the University of Toronto and Professor of International Relations at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, writes about this particular picture: "...a community of people, weaved into the face of the 'father' of International Relations, just like Leviathan's face in Hobbes' book." He chose this picture as cover-illustration for his new book "Communitarian International Relations - The epistemic foundations of International Relations", Routledge, New York 2005, ISBN.0-415-33590-6 (simultaneously published in the USA and Canada).


Werner Horvath: "Thomas Hobbes - HOMO HOMINI LUPUS". Color pencils on paper, 32 x 24 cm, Crete 1999.

This drawing is also published in Edwin Stiller: "dialog sowi - Unterrichtswerk für Sozialwissenschaften", C.C.Buchner-edition, Bamberg 2002 as an illustration of the chapter "Thomas Hobbes: Der Mensch ist dem Menschen ein Wolf". It is also published in "Denk Art - Ethik für die gymnasiale Oberstufe" by Matthias Althoff and Henning Franzen, Edition Schöningh, Braunschweig, Paderborn, Darmstadt 2015, ISBN 978-3-14-025055-9.


Werner Horvath: "David Hume - Hume's Fork". Oil on canvas, 50 x 40 cm, 2001.

This painting is also published in the article "Wie kommt die Moral in die Welt? - Zur Ethik David Humes" by Ulrich Plessner, Freiburg, and Dr. Carlo Schultheiss, Singen in: RAAbits Ethik/Philosophie 17, Raabe Publications for School, Stuttgart 2008.


Werner Horvath: "Ernst von Glasersfeld". Oil on canvas, 50 x 40 cm, 2005.

This painting was published as the cover-image of "Constructivist - Foundations", Vol.2, Number 2-3, March 2007, Festschrift for Ernst von Glasersfeld, celebrating his 90th birthday.


Werner Horvath: "Arthur Schopenhauer". Color pencils on paper, 30 x 30 cm, Crete 1999.

This drawing was the cover-image of the magazine "DIE IDEE", number I, Würzburg, April 2007.


Werner Horvath: "Friedrich Nietzsche". Color pencils on paper, 32 x 24 cm, Rhodes 1994.

This drawing is also published in Ellen Geerings: "het oog in de storm - Wegwijs in de filosofie", Handbook 2, Boom (publisher), Amsterdam 2007 (ISBN 9789085060759), illustrating the Nietzsche-chapter.  
This picture  is also piblished in "The Hedgehog Review - Critical Reflections on Contemporary Culture" Volume 17, Number 3, Institute for Advanced Studies in Culture, University of Virginia, in an article by Matthew Scherer: "Nietzshe's Smile". ISSN 1527-867X, Charlottesville 2015.


 Werner Horvath: "John Locke". Color pencils on paper, 32 x 24 cm, Crete 1999 (left) and "John Locke", oil on canvas, 50 x 40 cm, Crete 2010 (right).

This drawing was also published in Edwin Stiller: "dialog sowi - Unterrichtswerk für Sozialwissenschaften", C.C.Buchner-edition, Bamberg 2002 as an illustration of the chapter "John Locke: Theorie der Freiheit - und vor allem des Eigentums"It is also published in "Denk Art - Ethik für die gymnasiale Oberstufe" by Matthias Althoff and Henning Franzen, Edition Schöningh, Braunschweig, Paderborn, Darmstadt 2015, ISBN 978-3-14-025055-9.


 Werner Horvath: "Niccolo Machiavelli". Color pencils on paper, 32 x 24 cm, Crete 1999 (left) and "Niccolo Machiavelli", oil and acrylic on canvas, 50 x 40 cm, 2003/2012 (right).

The drawing was also published in "Politics of the fox' in Maldives", Maldives Culture, www.maldivesculture.com .


Werner Horvath: "Constructivistic Portrait of Prof. Paul Watzlawick". Color pencils on paper, 32 x 24 cm, Vienna 1996.

The original of this drawing is in private property of Prof. Paul Watzlawick. This image was also published in "Aria Pulita" Numero 3, Gennaio 2005, in an article titled "Italia senza fumo passivo".


Werner Horvath: "Hegel". Color pencils on paper, 32 x 24 cm, 2000.


Werner Horvath: "Sigmund Freud" and "Sigmund Freud: Consciousness, Censorship and the Subconscious". Both oil on canvas, 50 x 40 cm, 1994 and 2001.

The painting "Sigmund Freud" is also published in Heber Ferraz-Leite: "Malende Ärzte Österreichs", Selva-edition, Amstetten 2000, ISBN.3-9010-4041-2. It is the cover-illustration of the book "Freud und Leid", Selva-edition, Amstetten-Linz 1999, ISBN.3-9010-4040-4.


Werner Horvath: "Elfriede Jelinek - the Piano Teacher". Oil on canvas, 50 x 40 cm, 2005.


Werner Horvath: "Voltaire" (Francois Marie Arouet  - pen name Voltaire). Oil on canvas, 60 x 50 cm, 2005.

This painting ws published as the cover image of the book "Tolerance" by Fabrizio Lomonaco, Professor of History of Philosophy at the University of Naples. Peter Lang, International Academic Publishers, Bern 2013. ISBN 978-3-0343-1248-6. It is also included  in the CPH Hotelguide.


Werner Horvath: "Nikos Kazantzakis: Zorba, the Greek". Oil on canvas, 50 x 40 cm, 2001.


  Werner Horvath: "Garden of Peace (Hannah Arendt, Mahatma Gandhi, Bertha von Suttner, Immanuel Kant". Oil on canvas, 60 x 80 cm, 2002 (left). "Lay down your arms! - Young Bertha von Suttner". Oil and acrylic on canvas, 80 x 60 cm, 2014.

Thw "Garden of Peace"-  painting is also published in the book of the University "Sapienzia" of Rome "Visione politica e strategie linguistice" by Donatella Montini, in the chapter "Una civilta della parola: il discorso nonviolento di Hannah Arendt" by Stefania Porcelli, 2010 Rubbettino Editore, Soveria Manneli (ISBN 978-88-498-2718-7), in the book "Große Denker" by Patrick Horvath (edition Selva, ISBN 3-9010-4945-5), and in the magazine "Abenteuer Philosophie" 138/2014, p.6.  The picture is used as a cover illustration of the CLIO event program 2014, a non profit organization.


  John Kenneth GalbraithWerner Horvath: "Adam Smith and the invisible hand of the market", "John Maynard Keynes and the secure harbour of Bretton Woods" and "John Kenneth Galbraith and the Affluent Society". Each of them oil on canvas, 60 x 50 cm, 2009 - 2011.

This portrait of Galbraith was also published in the book "Herausforderung Neue Arbeit" of the  BSA and the Otto Bauer Institute (Marie Jahoda), printed by Gutenberg Publishing in 2012.


Werner Horvath: "Karl Marx". Oil on canvas, 105 x 85 cm, 1997.


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